The Hebrew Bible is not a work of history, but it is some of the earliest evidence available to interpret and discover the true origins and early history of the Jewish people. It is also a complex compilation of theology, ethics, and literature that contemporary Jews must grapple with, even if they choose to reject some of its values and authority. Wine’s genius here was the intersection of a deep knowledge of the text, wide reading in archaeology and ancient history, and insightful articulation of possible motivations and agendas of the human authors of the “Book of Books.”