SHJ Conference 2004, summer 2004
Humanistic Judaism has a unique role to play in the Jewish world. That role is more than providing an ideological space or a congregational home for secular and nontheistic Jews. It is more than providing a cultural Judaism for Jews who no longer can accept a conventional religious Judaism.
This role can best be explained by remembering the words of the futurist Alvin Toffler. It was Toffler who invented the phrase “future shock.” Toffler used this phrase to describe the mental and emotional state of modern people who are overwhelmed by the accelerating rate of change. Industrialization, urbanization, capitalism, science, democracy, freedom, and the new technology have arrived in rapid succession during the past two hundred years. They have radically altered the lives of most men and women in the Western world. Responding to all this relentless and continuous change produces confusion and anxiety.
Toffler suggested that people have developed a series of defensive strategies to cope with this anxiety. The most powerful one is denial, the refusal to accept that change has taken place. And the most popular form of denial is nostalgia, a hankering after a romanticized past that can never be restored. Since people cannot avoid the real world in which they work and play, they create islands of nostalgia to which they can retreat periodically and pretend that nothing has really changed at all. The institution that lends itself most easily to this strategy is religion. Religion began as the worship of ancestors. The purpose of much religion in modern society is not to help people confront the real world but to enable them to retreat every so often into a comfortable past world that no longer exists.
The Jewish people, the most urbanized people in the world, is in future shock. Over the past two hundred years every aspect of its life has been radically transformed. Work, education, family, sex, government, and beliefs are no longer the same. The break with the past is so dramatic that most Jews cannot even conceive of what Jewish life in the Middle Ages was really like. But this deviation from the ways of our ancestors fills us with great anxiety and triggers many troubling emotions. There is the fear that our ancestors disapprove of us and will punish us. There is the guilt of having abandoned what they worked so hard to secure. There is the sadness that the past has died and will never return. There is the anger directed to the amorphous forces responsible for the change.
Denial and nostalgia become the chief strategies for coping with all this discomfort. Synagogues and temples become islands of nostalgia, where for short periods of time Jews can use the language and symbols of the past and pretend for a moment that nothing has changed. They can pretend that reliance on God is the comfort of their life, They can pretend that the Torah lifestyle remains at the center of their existence. They can pretend that the texts of the past support the dramatic changes they cannot deny. They can lift quotations out of context and imagine that the past “kosherizes” the present.
Humanistic Judaism is the only branch of Judaism that refuses to practice this denial. That is its unique role in Jewish life. For Humanistic Jews the changes are real and undeniable. They stand in opposition to the preferences of the past. The differences are real and cannot be wished away. A good philosophy of life helps us to face reality and not to run away from it. Judaism is not an eternal doctrine. It is a strategy for saving the Jewish people in a sea of change.
As Humanistic Jews, our way of coping with future shock is to make five affirmations.
We let the past speak for itself. We do not do what many well-intentioned liberal Jews choose to do. We do not force the past to agree with the present. We know that Moses, Isaiah, and Hillel would not be happy with our present lifestyle. We do not distort their world in order to extract their approval. We let them say what they intend to say. We let them be what they were. We try to understand why they made the decisions they did, even though we would not choose to make the same decisions. We listen respectfully to the past because it is the voice of our ancestors, and they deserve our respect. But we do not try to hide the differences. Where we agree, that is wonderful. Where we do not, that is reality.
We empower the present. Since the creations of the past are human creations, just like the work of the present, they are not superior to what the present has to offer. The holidays, ceremonies, and values of the past that fit the realities of the present must be saved and savored. But the present has the same right to create that the past did. The victories and traumas of recent times need to be celebrated and remembered. We give the present its own dignity.
We say what we believe. We can never confront reality if we use words that were intended to describe another world centuries ago. A good philosophy of life is more than an exercise in nostalgia. It is a path to truth and reality and must speak clearly and directly to our own convictions. If we have to make a choice between continuity and integrity, we always choose integrity.
We find our continuity in the fewish people. It is not God or Torah that are the real foundation of Judaism; it is the Jewish people struggling to find ways to survive and prosper in a difficult world. This affirmation lies at the heart of the writings of two great humanistic Jewish philosophers from Russia, Ahad Ha’am and Micah Berdichevsky. In the end, they said, beliefs, values, words, and ceremonies may change. But the Jewish people in all its diversity remains.
We love the future. It is important to respect the past and to empower the present. But it is especially important to honor the future. In a world of continuous change the future is always with us. When, in ancient times, the priests of Jerusalem allowed only one temple — and that temple had to be in Jerusalem — they failed to imagine that one day the Jewish people would be an international people. They were stuck in the past and present. We must not make the same mistake. It is difficult to imagine what life will be like in fifty years because, given the present accelerating rate of change, it will be very different from what it is now. But it is clear that a Judaism in a global world that is becoming one big mixed neighborhood needs more imagination than nostalgia.
As Berdichevsky said in his essay Wrecking and Building, “We can no longer solve the riddles of life in the old ways, or live and act as our ancestors did. We are not their living monuments…. Through a basic revision of Israel’s inner and outer life, our whole consciousness will be transformed: and we shall live and stand fast.”